How many amps does a refrigerator use

how many amps does a refrigerator use
Table of Contents

Understanding the electrical power needed to run household appliances, specifically refrigerators, is fundamental for ensuring the safety and performance of these devices. One important aspect to know is how many amps does a refrigerator use.

circuit breaker and your appliances

Circuit Breaker and Your Appliances

A circuit breaker is designed to protect your home from potential electrical dangers. It does this by breaking the electrical connection if the circuit’s capacity is exceeded.

When talking about how many amps does a refrigerator use, it’s crucial to note that most standard fridges require a 20 amp circuit for optimal functionality. Running a refrigerator on a lower amperage circuit might trip the breaker and interrupt the power flow.

Calculating Amps and Power

Calculating amps is a helpful step in figuring out the power requirements of your refrigerator. Power (P) is given in watts (W), voltage (V) in 120 volts, and current (I) in amps (A) according to Ohm’s Law – P=IV.

For a typical fridge needing 720W on a 120V circuit, the amp rating would be six (720W/120V = 6A). By performing such calculations, you can figure out if your circuit can handle the power draw from your fridge.

dedicated circuit vs shared circuit

Dedicated Circuit vs Shared Circuit

Having a dedicated circuit for each of your major appliances, like your refrigerator, can prevent circuit overloads, ensuring that there is no fluctuation in power consumption.

If the refrigerator’s amp rating is high, more power is required, which may affect other appliances on a shared circuit. To reduce the chance of an overload, it is recommended to connect the refrigerator to a dedicated 20 amp circuit.

power consumption is your fridge power hungry

Power Consumption: Is Your Fridge Power-Hungry?

Understanding the power consumption of your refrigerator can benefit your electric bill. Manufacturers describe power usage in terms of watt-hours or kilowatt-hours.

A regular refrigerator uses between 15 to 20 amp of current, correlating to approximately 1500-2000 watts. Knowing this consumption data can also be crucial when selecting a new refrigerator based on energy usage.

ratings and energy consumption

Ratings and Energy Consumption

The Energy Star rating of your refrigerator is another relevant factor in determining its energy consumption. Appliances with this rating have been judged as energy-efficient by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Despite their slightly higher costs, Energy Star-rated refrigerators can save energy by using 15-20% less power than non-rated counterparts — a significant factor for reducing your electric bill.

small appliances how many amps do mini fridges use

Small Appliances: How many amps do mini fridges use?

Don’t think only large appliances consume high power. Small appliances like mini fridges also have a substantial power demand. While smaller, a mini-fridge can still draw anywhere between 1-2 amps, using 100-200 watts.

Even though small, these items contribute to your cumulative power usage, and their consumption should be understood and factored into your home’s overall energy use.

calculate the amount of power and save energy

Calculate the Amount of Power and Save Energy

Understanding how to calculate the amount of power used can be a huge step in reducing energy waste. Most refrigerators have a rating plate that tells the wattage. Divide this wattage by 120 volts to find the amp usage.

By being aware of this, you can use your appliances smartly, ensure they work correctly, reduce waste and save energy.

understand power consumption impact on electric bill

Understand Power Consumption: Impact on Electric Bill

The consumption factors discussed above directly impact your electric bill. By knowing your refrigerator’s amp rating and energy usage, you could curtail unnecessary usage and be a wise energy consumer.

Knowledge of how many amps does a refrigerator use empowers you to make informed decisions about usage, leading to savings in energy and costs.


Q1. What is the typical amp rating of a refrigerator?

Most refrigerators require a 20-amp circuit for their operation.

Q2. How can I calculate the amount of power my refrigerator uses?

Divide the wattage (listed on the refrigerator’s rating plate) by 120 volts to get the amp usage.

Q3. What is a dedicated circuit?

A dedicated circuit allocates set power resources to a single appliance, reducing the chance of overload.

Q4. How can I calculate the amps for my mini fridge?

Divide the provided wattage by 120 volts to determine the amp usage for mini fridges.

Q5. How can I reduce my refrigerator’s power consumption?

Choose a refrigerator with a high Energy Star rating and ensure it operates on a 20-amp or higher circuit to reduce power consumption and save energy.

Q6. How does a circuit breaker help safeguard my home?

A circuit breaker disconnects electrical power when a circuit’s capacity is exceeded, protecting your appliances and home from electrical dangers.

Q7. Can a refrigerator run on a 15-amp circuit?

Yes, but as most refrigerators require 15 to 20 amp, a 20-amp circuit is recommended for optimal functionality.

Q8. What is the power consumption difference between Energy Star-rated and non-rated refrigerators?

Energy Star-rated refrigerators can use 15-20% less power than non-rated counterparts.

Q9. How much power do mini fridges use?

Mini fridges generally require between 1 and 2 amps and use 100-200 watts of power.

Q10. How can the knowledge of power consumption reduce my electric bill?

By controlling operating durations and peaks in power usage, you can save energy and reduce your electric bill.